Information Technologies for the Participatory and Dynamic Management of Brazilian National Parks


  • Michel T. R. N. de Omena Federal University of Santa Catarina
  • Rafael de Oliveira Dura Escrich Federal University of Santa Catarina
  • Natalia Hanazaki Federal University of Santa Catarina



Information Technology tools have evolved and can be useful in bringing society closer to the administration of Protected Areas through Citizen Science-type initiatives. This study developed and tested two tools for National Parks (NPs)(Beta versions): 1) a cellphone app (Parceir@s Parques Nacionais), and 2) a website (Conserva Parques) that we hope will enable users to interact with NP managers who can gain more direct access to visitors’ perceptions. The app’s goal  is to establish user-manager interactions through the registration of occurrences in the NPs, and through the website, thus providing society with a prediction of the degree of nature conservation in NPs by making hypothetical alterations to public use variables. The perceptions of those “beta-testers” were registered in an online form. Both tools achieved approval ratings of over 75%. The conclusion is that the testing of both tools developed in this study can progress to a phase directly with NP users. 


Arpin, I., & Cosson, A. (2021). Seeking legitimacy in European biodiversity conservation policies: The case of French national parks. Environmental Science and Policy, 116: 181–187.

Bager, A., Lucas, P. S., Bourscheit, A., Kuczach, A., & Maia B. (2016). Os caminhos da conservação da biodiversidade frente aos impactos da infraestrutura viária. BioBrasil, n.1. Doi:

Baghai, M., Muller, J. R. B., Blanken, L.J., Dublin, H. T., Fitzgerald, K. H., Gandiwa, P., Laurenson, K., Milanzi, J., Nelson, A., & Lindsey, P. (2018) Models for the collaborative management of Africa’s protected areas. Biological Conservation, 218: 73–82. 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.11.025

Ball, I. R., Possingham, H. P., & Watts M. E. (2011). Marxan and Relatives: Software for Spatial Conservation Prioritization. Spatial Conservation Prioritization: Quantitative Methods and Computational Tools. Chapter 14, 185-195. Available in:

Bonney, R., Cooper, C., & Ballard H. (2016). The Theory and Practice of Citizen Science: Launching a New Journal. Citizen Science: Theory and Practice, 1(1): 1–4, Doi:

Bordogna, G., Carrara, P., Criscuolo, L., Pepe, M., & Rampini A. (2014). A linguistic decision making approach to assess the quality of volunteer geographic information for citizen science. Information Sciences, 258: 312-327. Doi: 10.1016/j.ins.2013.07.013

Brasil. (2000). Lei Federal n° 9.985 de 18/07/2000 – Cria o Sistema Nacional de Unidades de Conservação da Natureza – SNUC. Presidência da República. Brasília, DF. Available:

Busch, J., & Grantham, H. S. (2013). Parks versus payments: reconciling divergent policy responses to biodiversity loss and climate change from tropical deforestation. Environmental Research Letters, 8.

Castro, E. B. V. (2018). Changing a Brazilian protected areas paradigm: why public use is not just optional. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 36, 129-140.

Correia, R. A., Jepson P., Malhado, A. C. M., & Ladle, R.J. (2017). Culturomic assessment of Brazilian protected areas: Exploring a novel index of protected area visibility. Ecological Indicators, 85: 165-171. Doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.10.033

Correia R. A., Ladle, R., Jaric, J., Malhado, A. C. M., Mittermeier, J. C., Roll, U., Soriano- Redondo, A., Veríssimo, D., Fink, C., Haussmann, A., Guedes-Santos, J., Vardi, R., & Di Mini, E. (2021). Digital data sources and methods for conservation culturomics. Conservation Biology, 35(2): 398–411. Doi: 10.1111/cobi.13706

Cumming, G. S., Allen, C. R., Ban, N., Biggs, D., Biggs, H. C., Cummings, D. H. M., DeVos, A., Epstein, G., Etienne, M., Maciejewski, K., Mathevet, R., Moore, C., Nenadovic, M., & Schoon, M. (2015). Understanding protected area resilience: a multi-scale, social-ecological approach.

Ecological applications, 25(2): 299-319.

Ervin, J. (2003). Rapid Assessment of Protected Area Management Effectiveness in Four Countries.

BioScience, 53(9), 833–841,[0833:RAOPAM]2.0.CO;2

Fendrich, A. N., Rocha, A. G. da, & Ranieri, V. E. L. (2019). Comparison between official priority studies guidelines and Protected Areas created in Brazil. Land Use Policy, 82: 240-246.

Gavin, M. C., McCarther, J., Berkes, F., Mead, A. T. P., Sterling, E. J., Tang, R., & Turner, N. J. (2018). Effective Biodiversity Conservation Requires Dynamic, Pluralistic, Partnership-Based Approaches. Sustainability, 10: 1846. Doi:10.3390/su10061846

Giehl, E. L. H., Moretti, M., Walsh, J. C., Batalha, M. A., & Cook C. N. (2017). Scientific Evidence and Potential Barriers in the Management of Brazilian Protected Areas. Plos One, 12(1): e0169917. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169917

Gunnel, J. L., Golumbic, Y. N., Hayes, T., & Cooper, M. (2021). Co-created citizen science: challenging cultures and practice in scientific research. Journal of Science Communication, 20(05).

Hausmann, A., Toivonen, T., Slotow, R., Tenkanen, H., Moilanen, A., Heikinheimo, V., & Di Minin, E. (2017). Social Media Data Can Be Used to Understand Tourists’ Preferences for Nature- Based Experiences in Protected Areas. Conservation Letters, 11(1): 1-10. Doi: 10.1111/conl.12343

ICMBio (Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade) (2021). Painel Dinâmico. Available in: document=painel_corporativo_6476.qvw&host=Local&anonymous=true. Acesso em: 20 ago. 2021.

Jepson, P. R., Caldecott, B., Schmitt, S. F., & Carvalho S. H. C. (2017). Protected area asset stewardship. Biological Conservation, n. 212, 183-190. Doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.03.032

Job, N., Roux, D. J., Bezuldenhout, H., & Cole, N. S. (2020). A Multi-Scale, Participatory Approach to Developing a Protected Area Wetland Inventory in South Africa. Frontiers in Environmental Science, v. 8, article 49. Doi: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.00049

LaSorte, F. A., & Somveille, M. (2020). The island biogeography of the eBird citizen-science programme. Journal of Biogeography, 00: 1-11.

Legendre, S., & Clobert, J. (1995). ULM, a software for conservation and evolutionary biologists.

Journal of Applied Statistics, 22:5-6, 817-834, Doi: 10.1080/02664769524649

Loring, P. A., Harrison, H. L., Gaspard, V., Minnes S., & Baulch, H. M. (2021). Science, data, and the struggle for standing in environmental governance. Society & Natural Resources, Doi: 10.180/08941920.2021.1979150

Luna, S., Gold, M., Albert, A., Ceccaroni, L., Claramunt, B., Danylo, O., Haklay, M., Kottmann, R., Kyba, C., Piera, J., Radicchi, A., Schade, S., & Sturm, U. (2018). Developing mobile applications for environmental and biodiversity citizen science: considerations and recommendations. In: Joly, A., Vrochidis, S., Karatzas, K., Karppinen, A. and Bonnet, P. (ed.) Multimedia Tools and Applications for Environmental & Biodiversity Informatics. Springer, Cham, 9-30. Doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-76445-0_2

Maciel, O., Nunes, A., & Claudino, S. (2014). Recurso ao inquérito por questionário na avaliação do papel das Tecnologias de Informação Geográfica no ensino de Geografia. Revista de Geografia e Ordenamento do Território (GOT), 6: 153-177. Doi:10.17127/got/2014.6.010

Mangachena, J. R. and Pickering, C. M. (2021). Implications of social media discourse for managing national parks in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Management, 285, 112159.

Mora, E. A., Gomes, P. P., & Barbado, N. (2020). Environmental Education practices as tools in the development of the subject’s sense of belonging country school. Research, Society and Development, v. 9, n. 12, e12191210911. Doi:

Omena, M. T. R. N., Silva, P. S. C., & Figueiredo, A. L. C. B. (2021). 60 years of São Joaquim National Park: Conservation Unit as a Promoter of Regional Tourism Development. Revista Brasileira de Meio Ambiente, 9(2), p.033-043.

Pernat, N., Kampen, H., Jeschke J. M., & Werner, D. (2020). Citizen science versus professional data collection: Comparison of approaches to mosquito monitoring in Germany. J. Appl. Ecol., 58: 214–223. Doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.13767

Souza C. N., Rodrigues, A. C., Correia, R. A., Normande, I. C., Costa, H. C. M., Guedes-Santos, J., Malhado, A. C. M., Carvalho, A. R., & Ladle, R. J. (2021). No visit, no interest: How COVID-19 has affected public interest in world’s national parks. Biological Conservation, 256: 109015. https://

Spracklen, B. D., Kalamandeen, M., Galbraith, D., Gloor, E., & Spracklen, D. V. (2015). A Global Analysis of Deforestation in Moist Tropical Forest Protected Areas. PLoS ONE, 10(12): e0143886. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0143886

Tenkanen, H., Di Minin, E., Heikinheimo, V., Hausmann, A., Herbst, M., Kajala, L., & Toivonen,

T. (2017). Instagram, Flickr, or Twitter: Assessing the usability of social media data for visitor monitoring in protected areas. Scientific Reports, 7: 17615. Doi:10.1038/s41598-017-18007-4

Vukomanovic, J., & Randall, J. (2021). Research trends in U.S. national parks, the world’s “living laboratories”. Conservation Science and Practice, 3:e414.





Research Notes