Factors That Limit and Strategies That Might Encourage People's Use of Public Parks


  • David Scott
  • Edgar L. Jackson


leisure constraints, public parks, life cycle, gender.


The purposes of this study were to extend previous constraints research by determining what constraints limited people's use of public parks in an urban environment, how willing people would be to visit parks given various changes in park operations and programming, and whether these patterns were functions of the separate or interactive effects of age and gender. Data from a survey of nonusers of public parks in Greater Cleveland revealed that the most intense and widespread category of constraints related to the availability of time, and that improved programming and promotion received the most widespread support as types of strategies to encourage park use in the future. Older women were found to be particularly constrained by safety issues, lack of companionship, and poor health. The analyses also revealed that perceived constraints and willingness to visit parks given certain changes were more a function of the separate rather than interactive effects of age and gender.





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