Self-Esteem and Attitude to Participate in Physical Activity Among Children Living with Disabilities


  • Okey Charles Ogu Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria
  • Joseph Onuwa Umunnah Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria


Self-esteem, confidence, physical activity, attitude, disabilities


The study investigated the relationship between self-esteem of children with disabilities and their attitude towards participating in physical activity. Cross-sectional research design was employed and consecutive purposive sampling technique was used to sample 30 children with different disability types in Southeast Nigeria. Children’s Attitude Towards Physical Activity Inventory (CATPAI) and Brief General Self Esteem Inventory (BGSEI) were used to measure attitude and self-esteem respectively. Categories of participant disabilities were: mobility related impairments 15 (50%), hearing impairments 5 (16.7%), visual impairments 6 (20%) and intellectual impairments 4 (13.3%). The mean CATPAI score was 3.42 ± 0.43 while that of BGSEI was 59.57 ± 4.15. No significant correlation was found between CATPAI and BGSEI (r = -0.326; p = 0.079) using Pearson’s Correlation. One-way ANOVA was used to compare the scores on CATPAI and BGSEI among the different International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) physical activity groups and no significant differences were found (p = 0.424 and p = 0.300 respectively). Independent t-test was also used to compare mean scores on CATPAI and BGSEI between male and female participants and no significant differences were found (p > 0.05 in all cases).

Author Biographies

Okey Charles Ogu, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

Okey Charles Ogu is a professor with the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria.

Joseph Onuwa Umunnah, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria

Joseph Onuwa Umunnah is a professor with the Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria.


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