Teaching Recreational Activities to Children and Youth with Visual Impairment or Deafblindness


  • Lauren J. Lieberman The College at Brockport
  • Kelsey Linsenbigler Tennessee School for the Blind


physical activity, recreation, physical education, visual impairment, deafblind, independence, self-determination, orientation and mobility, adapted physical education


Children with visual impairments or deafblindness tend to have lower health-related physical activity. They also tend to have delayed motor skills and development. These children also need to work on their independence, mobility, social skills and self-determination for their lifetime. One way to improve independence, mobility, social skills, physical activity, motor development and self-determination is through accessible recreational activities. For many teachers, including children with visual impairments into physical education and recreational activities is not intuitive. It is not something they learn in their undergraduate or graduate programs. The purpose of this article is to give teachers specific ideas to ensure that recreational activities are accessible to everyone including their students who are visually impaired or deafblind.


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