Music's Effects on the Environmental Conditions of Physical Activity During Spike Ball


  • David C. Barney Brigham Young University
  • Katie Gurney Brigham Young University
  • Francis T. Pleban Tennessee State University
  • Jemel Gishe Tennessee State University



Physical education (PE) has the potential to educate students to spend a lifetime in physical activity.  An up-and-coming activity that has this potential of lifetime activity is Spike Ball.  Generally, Spike Ball is played with four players with teams of two.  The ball is put into play and the players can move anywhere they want.  The objective is to hit the ball into the net so that the opposing team cannot return it.  Spike Ball presents itself to be an activity for students in high school and college/university.  One aspect to increase activity during Spike ball is music being played.  Research dealing with music in physical activity settings have found it to enhance endurance and colour how people interpret fatigue.  Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using music on PA rates (measured via pedometry) of college students as they play Spike Ball.  Generally, it was learned that music had a positive effect on increased amounts of steps taken and time in activity during Spike Ball play.


To the editor, Katie is the lead author of this manuscript. Yet, David Barney is the primary contact person for the manuscript.