The Role of Extraversion in the Effectiveness of Leisure Coping on Depressive Symptoms




Leisure is known as an effective coping strategy for depression. The foundational theory of leisure coping assumes that leisure coping can be beneficial in three ways: mood enhancement, diversion, and companionship. While theorists asserted that the above three strategies are universal, research suggests that the personality trait of extraversion is associated with leisure behavior and may affect the effectiveness of leisure coping strategies. The current study aimed to examine the role of extraversion in the relationship between leisure coping and depressive symptoms. A total of 155 adults with depression (59 males and 96 females) were recruited from four different depression-related venues and responded to an online survey. The results of multiple regression analyses found that extraversion did not affect the relationship of leisure palliative coping and mood enhancement; however, it significantly moderated the relationship between leisure companionship and depressive symptoms. While a significant negative association between leisure companionship and depressive symptoms was found among extroverts, no significant relationship was observed among introverts. The results suggest that the personality trait of extraversion matters to leisure coping and should be considered to better facilitate recreational therapy interventions.





Research Papers