Evidence-Based Practice in Adaptive Snow Sports: A Brief Report


  • Sydney Sklar University of St. Francis
  • Marcia Jean Carter University of St. Francis & SUNY Cortland




adaptive sports, evidence-based practice, assessment, functional outcomes


Adaptive outdoor recreation experiences are widely accepted as a means to rehabilitation and community inclusion; however, therapeutic recreation specialists, have been limited in their ability to document benefits of outdoor recreation activities due to a lack of available instruments. This study reports on the development and implementation of the Progress Report assessment tool, designed to capture functional outcomes of an adaptive snow sports program in the Rocky Mountains. Instrument design, validation, and pilot testing are reviewed. Findings indicate positive changes in participant functional skills observed during snow sports lessons and a positive relationship between number of lessons and one’s ability for the respective snow sports activity. Considerations for adaptation and application of the Progress Report, and implications for future research, are discussed.


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Brief Report