Testing the Validity of the Flourishing through Leisure Model: Relationship of Leisure to Well-Being


  • Lynn S. Anderson State University of New York at Cortland
  • Linda A. Heyne Ithaca College
  • Pei-Chun Hsieh Brock University




evidence-based practice, flourishing through leisure, Flourishing through Leisure Model, practice models, recreational therapy, therapeutic recreation, well-being


The Flourishing through Leisure Model (FTL) is a recently developed practice model in the field. Using a convenience sample of 210, this cross-sectional study aimed to test the model’s validity. Participants were recruited from seven different sites that provide therapeutic recreation services (both clinical and community settings). A 110-question online survey was used to collect data on the theoretical constructs of the FTL, including overall well-being, leisure, and other well-being domains (i.e., psychological, cognitive, social, physical, and spiritual well-being), as well as the ecological impact on well-being. The results of this study suggested that overall well-being is significantly correlated with all other well-being domains. Additionally, the regression model with the following predictors--psychological/emotional, environmental factors, leisure participation, social, and leisure experiences--successfully explained 71.3% of the variance in predicting overall well-being. The findings of this study supported the FTL as a sound model to guide recreational therapists in practice.

Author Biographies

Lynn S. Anderson, State University of New York at Cortland

Recreation, Parks and Leisure Studies Department, Distinguished Service Professor Emerita

Linda A. Heyne, Ithaca College

Recreation and Leisure Studies Department, Professor Emerita

Pei-Chun Hsieh, Brock University

 Recreation and Leisure Studies Department, Associate Professor


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