The Leisure Journey for Sandwich Generation Caregivers


  • Lisa A.P. Schumacher
  • Richard MacNeil
  • Kenneth Mobily
  • Michael Teague
  • Howard Butcher


Dementia, sandwich generation, caregiving, hermeneutic-phenomenology


The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe the lived experience of leisure for adults in the sandwich generation who care for a parent with dementia and at least one dependent minor child who resides with the caregiver. The findings of this study suggest that leisure is important to sandwich generation caregivers (SGC). However, participants did not understand the significance of leisure to their own health at the beginning stages of their caregiving journey. Therapeutic recreation is a vehicle to introduce the health benefits of leisure to SGC. Six sandwich generation caregivers participated in open-ended in-depth interviews. Six essential themes emerged from the data and were synthesized to form this hermeneutic summary: The leisure journey for SGC was experienced as “reconciling life transitions while succumbing to infinite obligations and managing time shifts to constructing a foundation that enables you to revisit control and embrace the freedom to recreate.”





Research Papers