Understanding the Perceived Attributes and Consequences of Participation in Youth “Rep” Hockey: An Analysis from the Parental Perspective


  • Chris Chard Brock University
  • Jonathon Edwards University of New Brunswick
  • Luke Potwarka


laddering interviews, youth sports, sport participation, hockey


Participation in youth sport has been recognized for myriad developmental benefits.When one considers sport participation, there are a number of different deliverymodels. Participation can be recreational in nature or competitively driven.Regardless of competitive level, it is important for sport managers to understandthe drivers that influence sport participation. Thus, the purpose of the currentinvestigation was to achieve a better understanding of the perceived attributes andconsequences of youth representative (rep) sport participation from the perspectiveof the elite athletes' parents. Parents' perceptions are important given thatthese individuals are the ultimate decision makers for their children's sport participation.To investigate this purpose, a laddering interview technique was employed.Findings indicate that attributes of youth rep sport participation includestructure, competition/challenge, and team environment. Perceived consequencesor benefits include learning life lessons (leading to productive citizens), skill development(leading to confidence), discipline/accountability, work ethic, and friendships.The attributes and benefits could be used to develop policies, procedures,and rules/regulations that deliver maximum satisfaction at the youth rep level.

Author Biographies

Chris Chard, Brock University

Chris Chard is an assistant professor in the Department of Sport Management at Brock University.

Jonathon Edwards, University of New Brunswick

Jonathon Edwards is an assistant professor in the Faculty of Kinesiology at the University of New Brunswick.