Outdoor Recreation Self-Efficacy: Scale Development, Reliability and Validity


  • Robin D. Mittelstaedt Ohio University
  • Jesse J. Jones University Of Illinois Urbana-Champaign


outdoor recreation, measurement, reliability, scale, self-efficacy, validity


Outdoor Recreation Self-Efficacy: Scale Development and ReliabilityBandura's theory of self-efficacy holds much promise for understandingthe value of participation in outdoor recreation. This study evaluatedthe factor structure and internal consistency of a new outdoorrecreation self-efficacy measure. Factor analysis revealed two subscales;Enjoyment/Accomplishment (61.84%) and Skills/Competence(12.71%) accounting for 74.54% of the explained variance in outdoorrecreation self-efficacy. Reliabilities for the Enjoyment / Accomplishment(α=.95) and Skills/Competence (α =.94) subscales, and 17-item scale (α =.96) show a high degree of internal consistency. A significantrelationship exists between ORSE scores and participation inoutdoor recreation (r = .52; p < .001). Results indicated having funand enjoying oneself during outdoor recreation activities contributedmore to a woman's self-efficacy than feeling skilled or competent,confirming Bandura's thoughts about the nature of self-efficacy. Researcherscan use this instrument with confidence; it provides a reliableand valid measure for assessing the self-efficacy of women whoparticipate in outdoor recreation activities.



Regular Papers