A Case Study of Guiding Versus Instructing


  • J. Adam Beeco Clemson University
  • Bryan M. Senn Clemson University


Effective leadership development is a major goal of many college outdoor recreation programs. Twelve elements have been identified that contribute to effective outdoor leadership (Priest, 1987; Priest & Gass, 2005). These include technical skills, safety skills, environmental skills, organization skills, instructional skills, facilitation skills, flexible leadership style, experience- based judgment, problem-solving skills, decision-making skills, effective communication, and professional ethics. This case study examines how the experience of guiding versus instructing contributes to the twelve different leadership attributes within the context of an outdoor leadership preparation program.