Initial Training of Field Instructors in Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Programs
AbstractCurrently, the training and education of outdoor leaders has mostly been directed towards instructing technical, educational and relationship skills (Priest & Gass, 2005). This approach often omits critical skills necessary to deal with the job demand stressors that come from working in outdoor education settings, including outdoor behavioral healthcare (OBH) programs that work with challenging youth. Some job demands stressors typically found in OBH programs include: a) psychological and emotional issues of clients, b) demanding work schedule, c) remote work areas and d) certain intervention strategies utilized to successfully help youth overcome their personal issues. (Marchand, Russell & Cross, 2009). Previous research has found that working in OBH requires support at various levels to sustain and help develop the individuals working in this unique area of outdoor education and human services. By assuring that programs provide employees with the specific tools necessary to deal with the unique job demand stressors, they will be better able to fulfill their mission and goals of providing quality outdoor educational and therapeutic services to clients. Improvements should also be made to understand the ideal length and content of these initial trainings (Davis-Berman & Berman, 1994; Russell, Gillis & Lewis, 2008). In the context of a larger study (Marchand, 2009), the initial training of field instructors in OBH was examined for prevalence, length, satisfaction and content. This focus was meant to increase the understanding of this overlooked aspect of OBH, review potential information that may give insight into the management of job demand stressors, and provide information for future studies on the subject.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.