Factors Influencing Perceived Conflict in a Sample of Kingdom Trails Association Mountain Bikers


  • Jonathan C. Norling Lyndon State College
  • Thomas K. Anderson Lyndon State College
  • Daniel Carbonneau Lyndon State College
  • Thomas Leeman Lyndon State College


recreation, mountain biking, goals, conflict


This study was conducted through the Kingdom Trails Association in the North East Kingdom of Vermont. The primary purpose of this research was to understand visitor goal orientations and group composition on perceived conflict in a sample of mountain bikers. The results indicate that the social goal was statistically related to the perceived conflict items (larger groups of mountain bikers are a problem, downhill mountain bikers should yield to uphill bikers, and washing bikes in the river is unacceptable). Significant mean differences on perceived conflict were found between smaller groups of mountain bikers versus riders of six or more. The findings may inform management policies and practices toward minimizing negative associations with the outdoor recreation experience.



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