Despite Varying Outdoor Affiliations: The Continued Need to Collaborate


  • Raymond Poff Western Kentucky University
  • Eric Frauman Appalachian State University
  • Bruce Martin Ohio University


This special issue of the Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership (JOREL) is a compilation of research abstracts presented at the 8th Annual AORE (Association for Outdoor Recreation and Education) Research Symposium in Snowbird, UT, November 8-10, 2012, and the 5th Annual Outdoor Leadership Research Symposium (OLRS) held at the 2013 WEA Outdoor Education Colloquium in Black Mountain, NC, February 15-17, 2013. Numerous contributors provided some of the most current research related to outdoor recreation, education, and leadership. Each of the abstracts in this issue received a double-blind, peer-review process to ensure the quality of the work published here. Three other JOREL special issues covering abstracts from previous years of these two symposiums were published in 2012 (Volume 4, Issue 2), 2011 (Volume 3, Issue 2) and 2010 (Volume 2, Issue 2).