Parental Perceptions of Constraints to Family Participation in Nature-Based, Outdoor Experiences


  • Katie Shaw Clemson University
  • Denise M. Anderson Clemson University
  • Bob Barcelona University of New Hampshire


outdoor experiences, family, constraints


Engagement in nature-based outdoor activities can promote youth wellbeing and physiological and psychological health. Youth are partaking in fewer nature-based experiences, and efforts to promote participation in nature-based, outdoor experiences often neglect family involvement, an essential element in positive youth development. This qualitative study of parents of youth ages 10-15 investigated caregiver perceptions of the constraints to participation in nature-based, outdoor experiences. Analysis of semi-structured interviews found that parents identified intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints to participation in nature-based, outdoor experiences. While exploratory in nature, results of this study could be used by recreation managers to improve family-inclusive outdoor recreation experiences.



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