Differential Effects of Participation in an Outdoor Orientation Program for Incoming Students
Keywords:outdoor orientation, wilderness education, first-year experience, first-year seminar
AbstractIn this research, we examine the first-year student participants in a first-year seminar outdoor orientation program (OOP) compared to first-year students who participate in the traditional first-year seminar at a large research institution. The effect of residency status, gender, and ethnicity on the students’ success suggests that OOP participants are 5% more likely to return in their following fall and are over 6% more likely to graduate within 6 years, regardless of residency status or gender. Further results suggest a larger effect on first-year experiences for low Expected Family Contribution (EFC) students, allowing them to achieve student success similar to more financially advantaged peers. As EFC increases, the effect of OOP participation decreases for retention and graduation outcomes. Additionally, retaining an OOP student provides a financial gain in total estimated additional revenue for AY 2004–2013 of $3,902,680. This is associated with a 1-year increase in retention as a result of OOP participation.This article was open access for a limited time. One article per issue is always open access - please see the table of contents to see the current open access article.Subscribe to JOREL.
ADV WV. (2014.). About. Retrieved April 25, 2014, Retrieved from: http://ADVorientation.wvu.edu/about
Bell, B. J., Gass, M. A., Nafziger, C. S., & & Starbuck, J.D. (2014). The State of Knowledge of Outdoor Orientation Programs: Current Practices, Research, and Theory. Journal of Experiential Education, 37(1), 31-46. DOI: 10.1177/1053825913518891
Bell, B. J. & Holmes, M. R. (2011). Important Factors Leading to Outdoor OrientationProgram Outcomes: A Qualitative Exploration of Survey Results. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 3, 26-39.DOI:10.7768/1948-5123.1075
Bell, B. J., Holmes, M. R. & Johnson, B.G. (2010). A Census of Outdoor Orientation Programs At Four-Year College in the United States. Journal of Experiential Education, 33, 1-18.
Bell, B. J., Holmes, M. R., Vigneault, B., & Williams, B. (2008). Student Involvement: Critical Concerns of Outdoor Orientation Programs. Journal of Experiential Education, 30(3), 253- 257.
Bell, B. J. (2006). Wilderness orientation: Exploring the relationship between college pre orientation programs and social support. Journal of Experiential Education, 29(2), 145-167.
College Foundation of West Virginia (CFWV). (2014). CFWV.com. Retrieved May 16, 2014, From:https://secure.cfwv.com/Financial_Aid_Planning/Scholarships/Scholarships_and_Grants/WV_Engineering_Science_and_Tech_Scholarship_Program.aspx
Cook, T., & Campbell, D. (1979). Quasi-experimentation: Design & analysis issues for field settings. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
Engle, J., & Tinto, V. (2008, November). Moving Beyond Access: College Success for Low-Income, First Generation Students. Retrieved July 1, 2014, from: http://www.pellinstitute.org/downloads/publications-Moving_Beyond_Access_2008.pdf
Finley, A. & McNair, T. (2013). Assessing Underserved Students’ Engagement in High Impact Practices. Association of American Colleges and Universities, Retrieved fromhttp://www.aacu.org/assessinghips/documents/TGGrantReport_FINAL_11_13_13.pdf, p. 1-4.
First Year Experience. (2014.). < West Virginia University. Retrieved April 24, 2014, from http://catalog.wvu.edu/undergraduate/firstyearseminar/
Glossary. (2014). Home. Retrieved May 16, 2014, from https://studentaid.ed.gov/glossary
Hughes, Katherine (2012). The College Completion Agenda 2012 Progress Report. College Board Advocacy and Policy Center: http://media.collegeboard.com/digitalServices/pdf/advocacy/policycenter/college- completion-agenda-2012-progress-report.pdf
Lien, M. & Goldenberg, M. (2012). Outcomes of a College Wilderness Orientation Program Journal of Experiential Education, 25(1), 252-271. DOI: 10.5193/JEE35.1.253
Murtaugh, P. A., Burns, L. D., & Schuster, J. (1999). Predicting the Retention of University Students. Research in Higher education, 40(3), 355- 371.
Pascarella, E. T. (2006). How College Affects Students: Ten Directions for Future Research. Journal of College Student Development, 47(5), 508-520.
Sidle, M. W. & McReynolds, J. (2009). The Freshman Year Experience: Student Retention and Student Success. NAPSA Journal, 46(3), 434-447.
Sheehy, K. (2013, November 26). Colleges with the Highest Freshman Retention Rates. US News. Retrieved May 14, 2014, from http://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/the-short-list-college/articles/2013/11/26/colleges-with-the-highest-freshman-retention-rates
Stremba, R. (1991). Running a Frosh Wilderness Orientation Program. In: Experiential Education: A critical Resource for the 21st Century. Proceedings Manual of the Annual International Conference of the Association for Experiential Education (Austin, TX, November 1994, 58-75.
Tinto, V. (1999). Taking Retention Seriously: Rethinking the first year of college. NACADA Journal, 19(2), 5-9.
Tinto, V. (2006/2007). Research and Practice of Student Retention: What Next? Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory, and Practice, 8(1), 1-19.
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2013, Enrollment component; and Fall 2011, Institutional Characteristics component. See Digest of Education Statistics 2013, table 326.30. http://nces.ed.gov/programs/coe/indicator_cva.asp
Vlamis, E., Bell, B. J., & Gass, M.A. (2011). Effects of a College Adventure Orientation Program On Student Development Behaviors. Journal of Experiential Education, 34(2),127-148. DOI: 10.5193/JEE34.2.127
Wolfe, B. D. & Kay, G. (2011). Perceived Impact of an Outdoor Orientation Program for the First-Year University Students. Journal of Experiential Education, 34(1), 19-34.
Zheo, C. M., & Kuh, G. D. (2004). Adding Value: Learning Communities and Student Engagement. Research in Higher Education, 45(2), 115-138.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.