Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Promoting Resiliency and Flourishing Through Collegiate Outdoor Orientation Programming

Eleanor Crofford, Abigail Rossiter, Eddie Hill, Chris Zajchowski, Erik Edwards, Michael Willett


Outdoor orientation programs; university recreation; resiliency

Full Text:



Arnett, J. J. (2000). Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through the twenties. American psychologist, 55(5), 469.

Baker, R. W., & Siryk, B. (1999). Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire:(SACQ); Manual. Western Psychological Services.

Bell, B. J., Gass, M. A., Nafziger, C. S., & Starbuck, J. D. (2014). The state of knowledge of Outdoor Orientation Programs: Current practices, research, and theory. Journal of Experiential Education, 37(1), 31-45.

DeBerard, M. S., Spielmans, G., & Julka, D. (2004). Predictors of academic achievement and retention among college freshmen: A longitudinal study. College Student Journal, 38(1), 66-80.

Galloway, S. P. (2000). Assessment in wilderness orientation programs: Efforts to improve college student retention. Journal of Experiential Education, 23(2), 75-84.

Gómez, E., Urzúa, A., Glass, C. R., Payne, L., & Zabriskie, R. (2014). International student adjustment to college: Social networks, acculturation, and leisure. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 32(1), 7-25.

Kelly, J (2019). Influence of Outdoor and Adventure Activities on Subjective Measures of

Resilience in University Students. Journal of Experiential Education.

Keyes, C. L. M. (2009). Atlanta: Brief description of the mental health continuum short form

(MHC-SF). Available: [On–line, retrieved March 30, 2013].

Keyes, C.L.M., & Haidt, J. (2003). Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well-lived.

Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Kitzrow, M. A. (2003). The mental health needs of today's college students: Challenges and recommendations. Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice, 41(1), 167-181.

Lu, L. (1994). University transition: major and minor life stressors, personality characteristics and mental health. Psychological Medicine, 24(01), 81-87.

Posey, T., Hill, E., Gomez, E., McFall, M., Humenik, S., & Clifford, D. (2015). Student adjustment to college: Examining the impact of an Outdoor Orientation Program. Illuminare: A Student Journal in Recreation, Parks, and Tourism Studies, 13.

Robinson, D. A., Burns, C. F., & Gaw, K. F. (1996). Orientation programs: A foundation for student learning and success. New Directions for Student Services, 1996(75), 55-68.

Shellman, A. & Hill, E., (2017). Flourishing through resilience: Examining the impact of a college outdoor education program. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration. 35(4), 59-68).

Tinto, V. (2006). Research and practice of student retention: What next?. Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory and Practice, 8(1), 1-19.

Vlamis, E., Bell, B. J., & Gass, M. (2011). Effects of a college adventure orientation program on student development behaviors. Journal of Experiential Education, 34(2), 127-148.

Wolfe, B. D., & Kay, G. (2011). Perceived impact of an outdoor orientation program for first-year university students. Journal of Experiential Education, 34(1), 19-34.

Wagnild, G. M., & Young, H. M. (1993). Development and psychometric evaluation of the resilience scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 1, 165-178.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Sagamore Publishing LLC