Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Examining the Health Outcomes of College Climbers: Applying the Perceived Health Outcomes of Recreation Scale

Chandler Berry, Peter Ahl, Eddie Hill, Cienna Gabriele, Rachel Resh, James Rice, Xihe Zhu, Amy Shellman

Full Text:



American College Health Association. (2015, Spring). American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II: Reference Group executive summary. Hanover, MD: Author.

Driver, B. L. (1998). Uses of the benefits approach to leisure. Parks & Recreation, 33(1), 22.

Driver, B. L. (2008). Why outcomes-focused management is needed. In B. L. Driver (Ed.), Managing to optimize the beneficial outcomes of recreation (pp. 1–18). State College, PA: Venture.

Freidt, B., Hill, E., Gómez, E., Goldenberg, M., & Hill, L. (2010). A benefits-based study of Appalachian trail users: Validation and application of the benefits of hiking scale. Physical Health Education Nex (us)/ (phén) ix Éducation Physique et à la Santé Journal, 2(1), 1–22.

Gallotta, M., Emerenziani, G., Monteiro, M., Iasevoli, L., Iazzoni, S., Baldari, C., & Guidetti, L. (2015). Psychophysical benefits of rock-climbing activity. Perceptual & Motor Skills: Exercise & Sport, 121(3), 675–689.

Goldenberg, M. A., Klenosky, D. B., O’Leary, J. T., & Templin, T. J. (2000). A means-end investigation of ropes course experiences. Journal of Leisure Research, 32(2), 208–224.

Gómez, E., & Hill, E. (2016). First landing state park: Participation patterns and perceived health outcomes of recreation at an urban-proximate park. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 34(1), 66–83.

Gómez, E., Hill, E., Zhu, X., & Freidt, B. (2016). Perceived health outcomes of recreation scale: Reliability, validity, and invariance. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 20(1), 27–37.

Gutman, J. (1982). A means-end chain model based on consumer categorization processes. Journal of Marketing, 46(2), 60–72.

Hill, E., Ahl, P., Gabriele, C., Willett, M., Shellman, A., & Gómez, E. (2018). Perceived health outcomes of college climbers: Exploring why they climb. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 10(3), 259–262. i3-9046

Jones, M., & Bruyere, B. (2004, June 5). Frontcountry Leave No Trace program evaluation, City of Boulder Open Space and Mountain Park. Paper presented at the International Symposium on Society and Resource Management, Keystone, CO.

Jones, M. K., & Lowry, R. (2004). Effectiveness of trailhead education on cleaning up dog litter. Retrieved from

Kleinstauber, M., Reuter, M., Doll, N., & Fallgatter, J. (2017). Rock climbing and acute emotion regulation in patients with major depressive disorder in the context of a psychological inpatient treatment: A controlled pilot trial. Psychology Research and Behavior, 10, 277–281.

Shellman, A. & Hill, E., (2017). Flourishing through resilience: Examining the impact of a college outdoor education program. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 35(4), 59–68.

Siegal, F., & Fryer, S. (2015). Rock climbing for promoting physical activity in youth. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 11(3), 243–251.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Sagamore Publishing LLC