Predicting Youth Participation in Extracurricular Recreational Activities: Relationships with Individual, Parent, and Family Characteristics
Keywords:Extracurricular activities, activity participation, types of activities, gender, family characteristics, parent characteristics
AbstractThe importance of participating in extracurricular activities for adolescents and youth has been extensively investigated and confirmed, yet much less is known about what influences youth to participate and parents to enroll their child in different types of programs. This study of 216 sixth-grade youth collected comprehensive histories of extracurricular activity participation and investigated relationships with individual (gender, preschool experience), familial (parent in home, siblings, income), and parental characteristics (mother and father working hours, occupational status, educational level) to determine the extent to which each of these variables predicted youth involvement. The degree of participation in extracurricular activities was measured as both breadth (number of activities) and time (frequency of participation). Participation patterns were determined for four types of activity programs (team sports, individual sports, performing arts, community clubs, and activities) and composite measures of the extent of involvement were also scrutinized. The findings revealed strong differences between males and females and also between the four types of activities in terms of which factors were important predictors of participation.These data provide implications for learning more about the types of participants who are most likely to participate in different recreational programs, and for using this information to better design and market such programs. The data in this study provides detailed information about who is most likely to seek and participate in these programs. In addition, it is reasonable to posit that certain types of activity programs might be better able to attract and retain youth with certain interests and backgrounds. The information presented in this research is informative about which characteristics best predict participation in which types of activity programs. This is deemed to be a major benefit to agencies and other providers, especially with a population that has been generally regarded to be a more challenging constituency with lower rates of participation.?
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Park and Recreation Administration to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.