Hip-Hop GenerationjY outh in High-Risk Environments
Keywords:Rap music, teens, hip-hop culture
AbstractThis article describes some of the characteristics of the hiphop generation, and the implications of some of these youth characteristics for recreation programmers. Hip-hop is not just a thing; it encompasses a people-in the main, youth, and teens. Hip-hop can be likened to other subcultures that grew out of the 60s that protested war, racism, and other negative facets of society. Teens are being drawn in record numbers to the hip-hop and rap culture by the media for economic purposes. Recreation and leisure providers need to understand rap and the hip-hop culture and begin to create opportunities that encourage teens to use creative expressions. Community centers could be attractive locations for teens to hone their writing, poetry, and other creative skills. Teens are one of a large demographic force with great economic power. Consideration should be given to programs such as fashion shows, creative writing, poetry, computer technology, video production, rites of passage, car shows, concerts, self-expressions, and opportunities to see and be seen in parks and recreation facilities. Additionally, we should be careful in condemning rap music because young people see the contradiction. Recreation and leisureservice providers need to understand that not all rap is negative and that, instead of viewing hip-hoppers as losers, we should see them as potential achievers in need of direction.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Park and Recreation Administration to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.