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Ecotourism in Costa Rica: A Conceptual Framework

David A. Fennell, Paul F.J. Eagles

Abstract


Ecotourism, or nature-oriented travel, is a rapidly growing phenomenon. Developing countries can realize many economic and environmental benefits through a combination of ecotourism, parks management and community development. Ecotourism can play a significant role, providing community benefits that in turn provide incentives for nature conservation.

This paper presents a conceptual framework for the understanding of ecotourism. The framework describes the interrelationships among natural resources, the service industry, and the tourists. The framework has been applied to Costa Rica, a small Central American country with a dynamic and growing ecotourism industry.?


Keywords


Ecotourism, Costa Rica, visitor management, resource management, marketing, national parks.

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