Motivating Park and Recreation Professionals: A Cross-Cultural Analysis


  • Christopher R. Edginton
  • Larry L. Neal
  • Susan R. Edginton


Motivation, hygiene factors, motivators, park and recreation professionals, cross-cultural.


This paperviews the differences and similarities between park and recreation professionals in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, and the United States, using Frederick Herzberg's two-factor motivation hygiene theory. This cross-cultural study analyzes the responses of professionals in these four geographic areas to aquestionnaireranking twenty motivation statements. The rankings were compared with one another to determine whether the differences or similarities of professionals' responses were more pronounced.In all geographic areas studied, "doing important, worthwhile work," "doing interesting work," and "job growth" were ranked extremely high. Conversely, in all geographic areas, "being appointed leader of a group" and having the "opportunity for raises and other rewards" were ranked extremely low. Statements were more similarly ranked between Australia, Canada, and the United States than between these three countries and Hong Kong. In Hong Kong, a greater  emphasis was placed on suchhygienefactors as "good wages," "job security," and "chance for promotion."?





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