A Recreation Programming Model Linking Individual-Level Recreation Behavior to Actions of Social Groups


  • Sandra L. Little


Recreation programming, recreation experience, recreation behavior, model development, theory development, case study.


Insights about recreation experience and the behavior of participants are important to the design and implementation of recreation programs. Relationships between the recreation experience and the programming process, as well as the mutual influence of participants and programmers on recreational outeomes, are not apparent in existing programming models. A recreation program process model was developed from a literature review and then tested through systematic observations in a recreation and leisure setting. A preliminary model linked current explanations of individual recreation experience with group actions, such as programmers engaged in programming tasks. The case study used to test the model found that the model elements were present in the unit under study, which was a festival. An elaboration of the model was suggested, along with the need for further testing and revision.





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