Differences Among Recreation and Park Supervisors and Their Perceptions of Power


  • Cheryl S. Beeler


Power, supervisors, influence, employee satisfaction.


Power has become a very important part of contemporary managers' ability to accomplish goals of an agency as well as to enhance the development of their subordinates. This study examines the differences among 308 municipal and county park and recreation supervisors and their perceptions of their immediate bosses' power, as well as their satisfaction with their bosses' supervision. The six sources of power investigated are expert, reward, referent, legitimate, coercive, and upward influence. The modifying variables considered are sex, length of experience in the profession, and length of time served under an immediate superior.The findings suggest that experienced supervisors are satisfied with bosses who had expert, referent and upward influence. Dissatisfied supervisors and ineffective superiors tend to result from a supervisory relationship built upon a coercive base of power.





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