A Planning Model for Public Recreation Agencies


  • Sharon L. Hunt
  • Kenneth W. Brooks


Planning, comprehensive planning, planning model, recreation agency data, goals, evaluation.


Comprehensive planning has evolved to the point of viability as a strategy?and technology for implementing public recreation, thereby promoting organizationaleffectiveness. One example is a seven-component planning model that includes the following:(1) development of planning process strategy, (2) development of data informationsystems, (3) establishment of agency goals, (4) suboptimization of the means of goalachievement, (5) synthesization of plan alternatives, (6) implementation, with possible planadjustment, and (7) goal reassessment, with possible complete replanning. Overlap is theoperative force in this process: components interact with, or parallel, each other in acontinuous process, rather than follow linearly. For example, evaluation cuts across allother components while involvement varies with each. Additionally, some aspects of theprocess are enhanced by broad-based community participation; others are best the planningstaff's purview. In fact, it is within the planning staff's capabilities to surmount comprehensiveplanning's threefold barrier: (1) opportunistic decision-making, (2) a tendencytoward organizational maintenance, and (3) displacement of rational leadership with politicalexpediency.





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