The Case for Leisure Education in Preparation for the Retirement Transition
Keywords:leisure education, retirement, retirement preparation
AbstractEXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Aging populations and extended life spans have drawn increased attention to factors affecting the quality of later life. Retirement is the event that most commonly and prominently marks the transition into later life. This transition in most cases involves a dramatic shift of focus from all that comes with a full-time job to other things, often including a new perspective on leisure. This article reviews research on the nature of retirement, identifying both common gains and losses, with particular attention to a landmark study by Robert Weiss (2005). The overall evidence is that retirement is one of the more agreeable transitions in life, often coming with an embrace of leisure, but not for everyone, least of all for those who are unprepared. Retirement preparation (RP) programs have been around for a long time, and some attention is given here to a mixed history of effectiveness; but a central failing, as this paper argues, is that they have not done justice to the importance of leisure in later life. The case is thus made for the importance of leisure education as a critical part of retirement preparation, with specific suggestions for service providers. Whether they offer programs themselves or partner with others, such programs can prove to be an important marketing tool for attracting future involvement from this growing segment of the population. Those who do take direct responsibility for retirement preparation should mix leisure education goals and strategies in with the consideration of finances, health, housing and other commonly discussed components of RP programs. The case for leisure is made by the now ample evidence for the impact of leisure activities and attitudes on well-being for those retiring at this point in history. The extant empirical literature on the subject is reviewed and implications are drawn for leisure education priorities and strategies—including value clarification, resource identification, exposure, problem solving and decision making—employed previously with other populations. This article thus takes as its purpose the tasks of clarifying the meaning and potential of leisure in adjusting to retirement; identifying the current status of retirement preparation programs in the United States; demonstrating the value of giving greater attention to understanding leisure in these programs; and offering possibilities and strategies for doing so.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Park and Recreation Administration to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.