Efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behavior in Predicting the Intention to Engage in Tick-Borne Disease Personal Protective Behavior Amongst Visitors to an Outdoor Recreation Center
Keywords:outdoor recreation, personal protective behavior, Theory of Planned Behavior, tick-borne disease
AbstractThe risk of tick exposure and tick-borne diseases (TBD) can be high in nature-based outdoor recreation settings. In the absence of available vaccines, adoption of personal protective behaviors (PPB) recommended by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) such as wearing long pants and long-sleeved shirts, tucking pants into socks, using insect repellents on clothes and body, and avoiding wooded or grassy areas are necessary for reducing the risk of TBD infection when engaging in nature-based outdoor activities. Despite their established effectiveness, few people adopt these PPB and they remain unprotected against the risk of TBD while recreating in natural areas. Few theory-driven studies have addressed factors affecting intention to engage in tick-borne disease personal protective behavior (TBD PPB) among especially at risk-populations such as college students. This study investigated the efficacy of the Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting intention to engage in TBD PPB amongst visitors to the University of Florida's Lake Wauburg outdoor recreation center in North Central Florida. The intercept method was used to administer a 41 item survey to a random cross-section of visitors over a 3-week period in the summer of 2014. Seventy-five percent of survey participants were college students. Fifty-one percent had previous contact with ticks, and of this number, 83% reported place of exposure as recreational. Eighty-one percent â€˜routinely check for ticks on skin and clothes', 73% â€˜choose to walk the center of trails', 38% â€˜wear long pants, long-sleeved shirts, or light colored clothing', and 27% â€˜tuck pants into socks' (27%). From multivariate logistic regression analysis, attitude toward TBD PPB was a significant predictor of the intention to adopt 5 different TBD PPB. TBD perception within the survey respondents' social circle was not a significant predictor of any TBD PPB. Respondents who agreed that there were health benefits of engaging in TBD PPB were significantly less likely to use tick repellents on skin or clothing but they were significantly more likely to routinely check for ticks on clothes or body. Study findings suggest that the Theory of Planned Behavior is effective for predicting the intention to engage in TBD PPB. This study has implications for the planning, development and operationalization of TBD policy and prevention programs for Lake Wauburg and other nature-based outdoor recreation destinations where TBD presents a risk for visitors.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Park and Recreation Administration to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.