Development and Implementation of CARE Now: A University, Municipal Recreation Department, and Public School Collaborative Model
Keywords:Academic failure, after school, character, parks and recreation, partnerships, resiliency, socio-emotional success, youth development
AbstractNearly seven million school-aged children lackafter-school care. Studies indicate that the frequency of violent crimes suchas robbery, sexual assault, and aggravated assault are approximately fourtimes greater during the out-of-school time when youth are not occupiedwith extracurricular activities. The time that children spend participating inconstructive activities that encourage life and social skills is greatly neededto counteract the potential for delinquency. This is especially true for studentsin underprivileged urban school districts, particularly those who are AfricanAmerican.These students have higher than average rates of school failure,truancy, dropout, disciplinary infractions, and may develop poor relationshipswith school personnel. When also considering how challenging the transition tomiddle school is for all students, commonly resulting in academic difficulty and relational strains, the need for programming to promote skills for addressing themultitude of barriers for success faced by students becomes paramount. Studentswith limited social consciousness and insufficient coping skills often struggleô€€ƒscholastically and demonstrate poor socioemotional skills.To address these challenges, Norfolk Public Schools (NPS) and the City ofNorfolk's Recreation, Parks and Open Space (NRPOS) approached the DardenCollege of Education at Old Dominion University (ODU) to develop, implement,and support an in- and after-school program to enhance the achievement ofstruggling, urban middle-school students. This collaborative program, CARE(Character And Resilience Education) Now, was particularly relevant becauseof Norfolk's high rate of poverty, which is most recently reported to be at 18.2%overall with some parts of the city as high as 44% (City Data, 2014).With continued budget cuts, partnerships are in higher need than ever. Itis the social and collective responsibility of service agencies, public schools,and university systems to address the challenges of today's youth in deliberate,efficacious ways that are cost effective and sustainable. This particular example of the CARE Now program demonstrated a successful model, but showed theimportance of working with a university, public school district, and municipalpark and recreation agency. However, such high-impact collaboration didnot come without challenges. Many lessons were learned that have led toimprovement of the program. For example, regular meetings should include allstakeholders, collectively identifying outcomes are essential, from the beginningfinancial obligations from each organization should be determined, and truly working together in a seamless model only strengthens the program.
Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)
Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors
PLEASE REVIEW OUR POLICIES AND THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT, AND INDICATE YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF THE TERMS BY CHECKING THE ‘AGREE TO THE TERMS OF THIS COPYRIGHT NOTICE’ CHECKBOX BELOW.
I understand that by submitting an article to Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Journal of Park and Recreation Administration to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).
THE PUBLISHING AGREEMENT
Assignment of Copyright
I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.
Reversion of Rights
Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.
Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes
I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.
All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.
In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.
Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.
- The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere.
- The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal.
- The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
- I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
- If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.