Developing Intrinsic Motivation Toward Beep Baseball Through Physical Education


  • Sally A. Taunton University of South Carolina
  • Ali S. Brian University of South Carolina
  • Eva V. Monsma


pedagogical strategy, visual impairment, inclusion


Beep baseball provides opportunities for adults with visual impairments to participate in physical activity. Although beep baseball teams are not prevalent for children, physical education is an avenue through which children can learn beep baseball skills in an autonomy-supported climate where all students are valued. Developing skill competence early in positive and developmentally appropriate environments can foster positive perceptions that lead towards intrinsic motivation. Within this manuscript, we offer suggestions for physical education teachers to maximize learning outcomes including physical activity in beep baseball in a manner that supports positive perceptions of competence, relatedness, and autonomy.

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