SUCCESSFUL WHEN GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY: INVESTIGATING GENDER REPRESENTATION AND SUCCESS RATES OF INTERSCHOLASTIC ATHLETIC DIRECTORS
AbstractHistorically, males have almost exclusively controlled sport (Cashmore, 2000). While this control has been evident on the playing field (Sage, 1998) and in the media’s coverage of sport (Kinkema & Harris, 1998), it has also been prevalent in all levels of administration positions in sport (Coakley, 2001). In intercollegiate athletics, the difficulties women have encountered in their attempts to assume management roles have been examined in detail (Acosta & Carpenter, 2002). This struggle has also taken place within the more grassroots level of sport governance: interscholastic athletics. The purpose of this study was to assess the status and success rates of interscholastic athletic directors (ADs), with a primary focus on gender. Athletic directors from 423 high schools in two states participated in this study. The preliminary results of the study confirmed the expected findings that hegemonic masculinity was entienched within the governance of interscholastic athletics as evident in that 90% of the athletic directors were male. When assessing the success rate of the ADs, the results revealed that females who had penetrated the glass-ceiling of athletics management were as successful as their male counterparts, when success is measured as the rate of advancement. The findings indicated that when given the opportunity to serve in administrative positions, females will find success in interscholastic athletics governance.?
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