Effectiveness of the Complete Health Improvement Program

Authors

  • Mathew Hutchins Indiana State University
  • Jim Melancon Walden University
  • Demarcus Sneed Indiana State University
  • Jennifer Nunning Indiana State University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18666/TPE-2015-V72-I4-3002

Keywords:

heart disease, CHIP, health screening, health promotion

Abstract

 

 Currently, heart disease and diabetes dominate society as the leading cause of death for Americans. In this study, we examined the effectiveness of a lifestyle enhancement program on factors related to the development of heart disease. The Wabash Valley Complete Health Improvement Program (CHIP) is a community-based lifestyle change program with the aim to prevent and reverse the effects of all forms of heart disease through educating participants to make more positive choices in regard to their dietary habits, physical activity, stress management, and tobacco use. Fifty-one participants participated in this 8-week study consisting of 16 sessions that included pre– and post–health screenings for comparison. The health screenings included total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, weight (pounds), body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and resting heart rate. Aggregate data for the group were used to compare the pre– and post–heart screen data for each category. According to the American Heart Association (2006), approximately 34.3% of deaths in the United States are caused by some form of cardiovascular disease. Most of these cases result from unhealthy lifestyle choices related to poor nutrition, physical activity, stress, and tobacco use. In this study, we examined several factors to look for correlations between healthy lifestyle and risk of heart disease. Results show CHIP was effective in reducing the aforementioned factors from 4.8% to 19.2% from pre- to postscreening. These results suggest that the CHIP program was successful in reducing the participants' overall risk of heart disease. 

Author Biographies

Mathew Hutchins, Indiana State University

Assistant Professor, Program Coordinator

Applied Health Sciences

Jim Melancon, Walden University

Faculty

Health Sciences

Demarcus Sneed, Indiana State University

Applied Health Sciences

School Health and Physical Education major

Jennifer Nunning, Indiana State University

Applied Health Sciences

Graduate Student

Published

2015-11-16

Issue

Section

Articles