Xbox Kinect Gaming Systems as a Supplemental Tool Within a Physical Education Setting: Third and Fourth Grade Students' Perspectives


  • Cole J. Shewmake Pittsburg State University
  • Michael D. Merrie University of Arkansas
  • Paul Calleja University of Arkansas



exergaming, physical education, video games, Xbox, kinect


Literature indicates that technology, including exergaming, is popular among adolescents and can be used as a supplemental tool in the physical education classroom. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine third and fourth grade students’ perceived enjoyment and exertion levels toward exergaming in relation to traditional physical education. The participants included 148 third and fourth grade elementary students. Each student completed two surveys (10 items each): one after a traditional PE lesson (gym) and one after participating in a lesson taught in an exergaming lab (MKR). Each survey consisted of two parts: seven enjoyment questions and three perceived exertion questions. Using a 5-point Likert-type scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree), students marked responses to reflect their enjoyment toward and perceived exertion levels for each setting of physical education. The results indicate students enjoyed the MKR (Mean Rank = 75.75) significantly more than the traditional gym (Mean Rank = 49.15) setting, z = 4.53, p < .001. However, the students felt they worked harder in the gym (Mean Rank = 73.21) compared to the MKR (Mean Rank = 51.15), z = 4.11, p < .001. With this study, physical educators will be exposed to the implications of integrating exergaming into a physical education environment.

Author Biographies

Cole J. Shewmake, Pittsburg State University

Cole J. Shewmake is an Assistant Professor, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Pittsburg State University.

Michael D. Merrie, University of Arkansas

Michael D. Merrie is a Ph.D. student, graduate teaching assistant, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Univeristy of Arkansas.

Paul Calleja, University of Arkansas

Paul C. Calleja is a clinical associate professor of Kinesiology, Department of Health, Human Performance and Recreation, Univeristy of Arkansas.