Influence of Cueing Strategies on Gaze Behavior During Observational Learning


  • Cheryl Coker Plymouth State University



observational learning, visual attention, focus


This study examined the degree to which cueing strategies were attended when participants viewed a video model using eye tracking technology. It also examined whether visual cues highlighting body movement versus the intended effect of the movement would be attended to equally. Participants (N = 55) were randomly assigned to one of five experimental groups according to the nature of the cueing strategy provided: (a) No cue (Control), (b) Visual cue focused on the arm (Internal), (c) Visual cue focused on the racket (External), (d) Arm visual cue plus verbal directive (internal + VC), and (e) Racket visual cue plus verbal directive (external + VC). Under the impression that their technique would be later assessed, all groups viewed a video model of a tennis forehand groundstroke four times while eye movements were recorded. Mean percentage time that gaze was fixated on the assigned visual cue was determined. All groups with the exception of the external + VC condition attended to the arm LookZone (LZ) significantly more than the racket LZ. Both internal groups also viewed their assigned cue a greater percentage of time than their corresponding external groups did but not more than the control condition did. These data suggest that observers of a model have a tendency to focus their visual attention on the final body segment that carries out the desired action regardless of cueing.Subscribe to TPE