Online Submissions

Already have a Username/Password for Therapeutic Recreation Journal?
Go to Login

Need a Username/Password?
Go to Registration

Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.


Author Guidelines


TRJ is devoted to the advancement of TR/RT services for persons with disabilities. It provides a national forum for research and discussion on needs of persons with disabilities and others receiving TR/RT services, problems confronting the profession, and new vistas of service. Manuscripts are accepted based on the judgment of editorial advisers. When an article is submitted, it is considered the property of TRJ. If the article is not accepted for publication, it will be returned to the author. Authors are not paid for articles published in TRJ.

*All submitted articles should follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.


  • All materials must be double-spaced on 8.5-in. — 11-in. (or 22-cm — 28-cm) pages, with 1-in. margins.
    • Include no more than 27 lines of text per page (not including the header and page number).
    • The manuscript should be under 20 pages, including references.
    • Use 12-point Times or Times New Roman font.
    • Number all pages consecutively.
    • Only the title should appear on the manuscript itself. The title should appear at the top of the first page and then followed by the abstract and the body of the manuscript.
  • Prepare each table, drawing, illustration, photo, or map on a separate page. Limit these to a maximum of four. All images submitted must be 300 dpi.
  • When submitting your manuscript online, you will be required to fill out the following information:
    • an abstract of approximately 150 words;
    • title, submission date, author(s);
    • five to seven keywords;
    • biographical sketch of the author(s), not to exceed four (4) lines; and
    • address for primary manuscript contact.
  • Research-oriented manuscripts should contain the need or purpose of the study, review of literature/related research that includes the conceptual foundation/theoretical basis for the study, procedures or methodology, findings and conclusions, and suggestions for applying research findings.
  • Theoretical or conceptual manuscripts should contain the need or purpose of the paper with a strong rationale for its unique contribution to the literature, review of the literature and related research, synthesis of the literature that results in a unique perspective or framework for TR/RT services, implications and applications for practice, and suggestions for future research.
  • Reference citations should cover background information and related literature. Reference citations should adhere to APA style.
    • All references to books, bulletins, and articles must be identified in the text by last name of author, year of publication, and where appropriate, pagination. Depending on construction of the sentence, the citation will appear as Wise (2002) or (Wise, 2002). Specify subsequent citations of the same source in the same way as the first. However, within a paragraph, do not include the year in subsequent references to the original work as long as the study cannot be confused with other studies in the paragraph or the manuscript.
    • For direct quotations, pagination follows the year of publication, separated by a comma (e.g., Wise, 2002, p. 337).
    • If an author has more than one citation in the same year, distinguish the citations using letters (a, b, c, etc.) attached to the year in the text and the reference list (Stumbo, 2006a, 2006b).
    • When a work has two authors, cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text. When a work has more than two authors but fewer than six authors, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the surname of the first author followed by 'et al.' and the year (e.g., Hutchinson et al., 2002).
    • For institutional authorship, identify the author each time the citation appears (e.g., Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2010).
    • Enclose a series of references within parentheses, separated by semicolons in alphabetical order (Baird, 2001; Cheing, Tsui, Lo, & Hui-Chan, 2003; Gordon, Merenstein, D'Amico, & Hudgens, 1998; Stumbo, 2006a, 2006b).
  • Append a list of references used in the text alphabetically on a separate page at the end of the manuscript as follows:
    • Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York, NY: Basic Books.
    • Janssen, M. (2004). The effects of leisure education on quality of life in older adults. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 38(3), 275-288.

Electronic sources must include the URL:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2010). How much physical activity do older adults need? Retrieved from
  • Use person-first terminology throughout the manuscript. Specific suggestions for person-first terminology may be found in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed., p. 76), and in the following paper:
    • Dattilo, J., & Smith, W. (1990). Communicating positive attitudes toward people with disabilities through sensitive terminology. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 24, 8-17.


The focus of the practice perspectives is to embrace different ways of knowing about the TR/RT experience and facilitating service delivery in both participant relationships and clinical, administrative, and interdisciplinary contexts. This section has been expanded to invite two distinct components:

  • case reports that are about (a) an individual or group in TR/RT and/or health and human service or (b) an intervention, protocol, or organizational aspect of TR/RT practice and
  • personal narratives, also known as "first-person accounts" or "lived experience reports," as a thematic lesson for TR/RT practice (by a direct or indirect recipient of care or a facilitator of service delivery).


The manuscript should describe any of the following:

  • one or more unique practice applications of the TR/RT process with participants (assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation) or programs;
  • units of practice such as implementing a protocol or therapeutic modality; and/or
  • the experience of participants, therapists, families, or colleagues with TR/RT, program design or innovation, ethical dilemmas, or management strategies.

Case reports should be written in past tense; personal narratives should be written in the first or third person appropriate to the genre (interview, letter, memoir, journal, chronology, autobiographical portrait). The recommended length for a case report or personal narrative is 10 to 15 pages, inclusive. Required components for each manuscript formatted in APA style include

  • title page (separate page with author identification),
  • abstract and keywords (separate page),
  • case report or personal narrative (see content guidelines below),
  • references, and
  • tables and figures (high-resolution digital photographs will be accepted as figures).

Title page. The title page, on a separate sheet of paper submitted with the case report or personal narrative, should include (a) a concise, descriptive title; (b) submission date; (c) author(s) and respective title(s) or relationship(s), for example, therapist/supervisor, participant, parent, colleague; (d) any acknowledgments; and (e) a brief biographical sketch of the author(s), not to exceed four lines.

Abstract and keywords. A brief abstract should be presented on a separate page following the cover sheet. The abstract should summarize the purpose and content of the case report or personal narrative and should be no longer than eight double-spaced lines. A list of five to eight keywords should be included at the bottom margin of the abstract page.

Case report content.

A. Introducing the Case Report

This section sets the stage so the reader understands the conceptual basis of the case.

  • Begin with biographical, demographic, or situational facts that orient the reader to a specific individual or practice scenario
  • Maintain confidentiality in presenting facts by using a participant or agency pseudonym or other mock identification.
  • For reports about individuals, include (a) age (e.g., chronological/mental age estimation), (b) gender, (c) diagnosis/prognosis and relevant clinical background information that is needed to fully understand the report (e.g., relevant medications, functional levels, goals, or interdisciplinary and/or TR/RT interventions), (d) facility type (e.g., for-profit, SNF, ICF, long-term care facility), and (e) length of stay. For reports about group interventions, protocols, or other practice contexts that impact clients (e.g., strategic planning, quality improvement activity), explain the relevance to TR/RT with basic introductory definitions and explanations.

B. Content of the Case Report

This section should present content with substance.

  • Include adequate information to trace the TR/RT process through the course of the case (i.e., assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation).
  • Clearly delineate the context of an intervention, protocol, or administrative strategy, revealing how and why it was chosen and whether it yielded results in TR/RT practice.

C. Author's Comments to Conclude the Case Report

This section should summarize the content with clinical or personal commentary, reflections, critique, and/or ideas for the future.

  • Avoid sentimentality in favor of new or unusual insight, sound integration with practice, or logical argument.
  • Conclude with real life-implications for TR/RT practice.

Personal narrative content.

A. Introducing the Personal Narrative

This section introduces a practice-related experience or perspective.

  • Begin with a statement of the narrative's purpose (e.g., to recount a revealing story of practice, to illustrate a practice idea anecdotally or with scenarios, or to explain a process).
  • Exercise the author's choice to either (a) maintain confidentiality of identity to provide a level of comfort and anonymity to share the author's experience or (b) purposely reveal identity as a way to verify author's subjective experience.

B. Content of the Personal Narrative

This section elicits the reader's understanding of TR/RT-related practice and how participants, therapists, administrators, and others experience it, by conveying distinct feelings and thoughts about it.

  • Relay vivid details (by describing physical environments or features, behaviors, processes, or practice settings) to draw the reader into the experience and authenticate the author's firsthand knowledge.
  • Avoid sentimentality in place of compelling storytelling as a context for deeper understanding of a participant's perspective, a therapist's perspective, or the perspective of any party involved in the narrative.
  • Uncover and reveal inaccessible, paradoxical, or taken for granted aspects of practice by writing about an authentic experience using real-life examples such as images, scripts, letter writing, or diary entries.
  • Coherently recount practice-related experience as an ordered sequence by combining and balancing showing (in dialogue, scenarios, or procedural steps) with telling (by explanation of an event's significance) so that the importance of the experience shows for the reader and raises ethical or moral sensitivity regarding practice.

C. Author's Comments to Conclude the Personal Narrative

This section should move the reader to reflect and respond to practice in new ways. Conclude with a retrospective finale to interpret the author's experiences connected to practice.

References. As part of some case reports or personal narratives, references may help to deepen the reader's focus on the content of a practice perspective. References may include published literature sources, personal interviews or communication, observations, or unpublished material relevant to the article.

Tables and figures. As part of some case reports or personal narratives, tables or figures might illustrate theory or practice application. Tables and figures are camera-ready submissions formatted in APA style.


TRJ invites submission of graduate-level thesis and dissertation abstracts relevant to the theory and practice of TR/RT. Blind reviews will be coordinated by an assigned editor or associate editor and will involve professional reviewers and graduate student reviewers. Abstracts should be limited to 1,300 words. Submissions should include the student's name and title, the student's university and department affiliation, the student's specific degree program of study (e.g., MS in Recreation), and the name and title of the supervising faculty member.


TRJ invites the submission of brief reports on any aspect of TR/RT theory and practice. Brief reports will be subject to double-blind review and should not exceed 10 double-spaced pages (3,000 words, including references, notes, and tables). Manuscripts exceeding this length should be submitted to the general call for full-length manuscripts. Examples of appropriate content for brief reports include the following:

  • preliminary findings of a pilot study, with emphasis placed on initial results, suggestions for future research, and how the author intends to further pursue the topic;
  • a specific aspect of a larger study or a replication or an extension of a previously reported study that contrasts the results of the two studies, referring to the earlier study for methodological details;
  • a summary of key findings and implications from a lengthy non-journal publication; or
  • a highlight of an unusual observation or methodological approach.

In all cases, the discussion of issues should be supported by empirical evidence, collected through qualitative or quantitative investigations. Brief theoretical reports of research are especially appropriate when a fuller report is available elsewhere or when a more comprehensive follow-up study is planned. In regard to content, authors should provide a sentence to a paragraph outlining the theoretical framework guiding the brief empirical report. The theoretical rationale should receive modest coverage in the research report (1 to 2 paragraphs) along with a brief review of the representative literature on the topic, with the main portion of the paper devoted to a thorough reporting and interpretation of the results. Unless previously published and cited as such, methodology should be fully explained as well.


Books, monographs, videos, DVDs, and other professional resources are reviewed to expose readers to important literature and resources that would not otherwise be published directly in TRJ. Materials specific to TR/RT, as well as related materials, will be considered for review. In addition to recent publications, occasionally older works that have significant implications for contemporary practice and research will be reviewed. A comprehensive review of several related works may also be provided. Periodically, other resources such as assessment instruments, assistive technology, videos, and software programs will be reviewed. The book review editors of TRJ will review materials. Full reference information is needed, including the publisher's address and phone number.



Fees are not required for submission or publication in Therapeutic Recreation Journal (TRJ). Manuscripts are submitted electronically on this website. Instructions are below.

To submit a manuscript to TRJ, the author must (1) have an account on this site and (2) be enrolled as an Author with TRJ.

-If you, the author, have not registered an account with this site, please click 'Go to Registration' at the top of this page. Fill in the registration; check the box for 'Author: Able to submit items to the journal. Then click Register.

-If you have an account with this site, please click 'Go to Login' at the top of the page.

-Once you log in, if you are registered as an Author for TRJ, you should see the journal's title and off to the right, 'New Submission'. Click this to begin the five-step submission process.

-If you don't see 'New Submission' you will need to enroll as an Author. Enroll as an Author here:

  • Under 'Country' is 'Roles'; to the right, click the box for 'Author'.
  • Click 'Save' at the bottom.

-To return to view your manuscript submission status, make sure you are logged in and click on 'My Journals' in the upper right corner.

***Having trouble? Please contact Sagamore Publishing's very helpful technology contact:


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. I have read and followed the Author Guidelines for this article submission.

Copyright Notice

Sagamore Publishing LLC (hereinafter the “Copyright Owner”)

Journal Publishing Copyright Agreement for Authors


I understand that by submitting an article to Therapeutic Recreation Journal, I am granting the copyright to the article submitted for consideration for publication in Therapeutic Recreation Journal to the Copyright Owner. If after consideration of the Editor of the Therapeutic Recreation Journal, the article is not accepted for publication, all copyright covered under this agreement will be automatically returned to the Author(s).


Assignment of Copyright

I hereby assign to the Copyright Owner the copyright in the manuscript I am submitting in this online procedure and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in all forms and media (whether now known or later developed), throughout the world, in all languages, for the full term of copyright, effective when the article is accepted for publication.

Reversion of Rights

Articles may sometimes be accepted for publication but later be rejected in the publication process, even in some cases after public posting in “Articles in Press” form, in which case all rights will revert to the Author.

Retention of Rights for Scholarly Purposes

I understand that I retain or am hereby granted the Retained Rights. The Retained Rights include the right to use the Preprint, Accepted Manuscript, and the Published Journal Article for Personal Use and Internal Institutional Use.

All journal material is under a 12 month embargo. Authors who would like to have their articles available as open access should contact Sagamore-Venture for further information.

In the case of the Accepted Manuscript and the Published Journal Article, the Retained Rights exclude Commercial Use, other than use by the author in a subsequent compilation of the author’s works or to extend the Article to book length form or re-use by the author of portions or excerpts in other works.

Published Journal Article: the author may share a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI.

Author Representations

  • The Article I have submitted to the journal for review is original, has been written by the stated author(s) and has not been published elsewhere. 

  • The Article was not submitted for review to another journal while under review by this journal and will not be submitted to any other journal. 

  • The Article contains no libelous or other unlawful statements and does not contain any materials that violate any personal or proprietary rights of any other person or entity.
  • I have obtained written permission from copyright owners for any excerpts from copyrighted works that are included and have credited the sources in the Article.
  • If the Article was prepared jointly with other authors, I have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of this Journal Publishing Agreement and that I am signing on their behalf as their agent, and I am authorized to do so.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.