Leisure and Family Functioning in Adoptive Families: Implications for Therapeutic Recreation


  • Patti Freeman
  • Ramon B. Zabriskie


family leisure, core and balance family leisure, family functioning, adoptive families


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between family leisure involvement and family functioning among intact families with adopted children of color. The sample consisted of 197 families. Data were analyzed at the parent, youth, and family perspective. The Family Leisure Activity Profile (FLAP) was used to determine family leisure involvement in core and balance leisure activities. FACES II was used to measure family functioning. Blocked multiple regression analyses indicated a positive relationship between family leisure and family functioning. Specifically, in the parent data, both core and balance patterns were significant predictors of family functioning, yet from the youth and family perspective only core leisure involvement was significantly related to family functioning. Implications for TR practitioners and recommendations for further research are discussed.





Research Papers