Aquatic Instructors' Beliefs Toward Inclusion


  • Phillip Conatser
  • Martin Block


Inclusion, Aquatic, Beliefs, Disability


This study examined the influence of moderating variables on aquatic instructors' beliefs toward teaching swimming to individuals with disabilities in an inclusive setting. One hundred eleven aquatic instructors from 25 states representing 108 U.S. cities participated in the study. Based on the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985, 1988), aquatic instructors' beliefs toward inclusion were investigated. Results indicated that instructors currently teaching aquatics classes to students with disabilities and who felt more competent, had more favorable beliefs (attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control) toward including students with disabilities. Further, instructors who felt competent and were currently teaching students with disabilities, significantly related to academic coursework and experience. Approximately, one-half of the surveyed instructors felt competent and were currently teaching students with disabilities.





Research Papers