Effects of Leisure Education on Perceived Freedom in Leisure of Adolescents with Mental Retardation


  • Gail Hoge
  • John Dattilo
  • Richard Williams


Leisure Education, Perceived Freedom, Mental Retardation, Therapeutic Recreation


A nonequivalent control group design was used to determine effects of a leisure education program on perceived freedom in leisure of adolescents with mental retardation. The experimental group participated in a leisure education program that included an 18 week course, systematic community instruction and support from a leisure coach, and family/friend involvement. All participants were pre- and post-tested with the Short Form A of the Leisure Diagnostic Battery. A significant difference was found between gain scores of adolescents with mental retardation who participated in the leisure education program and those who did not participate. Positive effects of the leisure education program were identified, particularly with regard to maintaining perceptions of freedom in leisure for adolescents with mental retardation.





Research Papers