Population-Specific Norms and Reliability of the Leisure Diagnostic Battery in a Sample of Patients with Chronic Pain


  • Jason Peebles
  • Lachlan McWilliams
  • Lorie Herchuk Norris
  • Kathy Park


Leisure Diagnostic Battery, Instrument Testing, Adult Normative Data, Chronic Pain


The Leisure Diagnostic Battery (LDB; Witt & Ellis, 1989) is a theoretically based self-report instrument that has found wide acceptance among the therapeutic recreation community. Extensive psychometric information on the LDB Long Form A is available in the test manual (Witt & Ellis, 1989). Psychometric information on the Long Form C (adult version), however, is sorely lacking. In order to investigate the reliability of the Part 1 scales of the LDB Form C and to derive preliminary normative data, test results from 214 adults assessed at admission to a rehabilitation hospital were analyzed. Participants were experiencing chronic pain from injuries sustained in motor vehicle or work-related accidents. Results of the reliability analyses support the contention that the LDB measures a set of homogeneous constructs in this population. Normative data for the sample are presented. The clinical application of this data is discussed and directions for future research are suggested.





Research Papers