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Effects of Leisure Education on Self-Determination, Social Interaction, and Positive Affect of Young Adults With Mental Retardation

Richard Williams, John Dattilo


A single-subject, multiple baseline across participants design was used to investigate the
effects of a leisure education program on the self-determination, social interaction, and
positive affect (the dependent variables) during the free time of a group of young adults
with mental retardation. Participants were four adults with mental retardation who worked
at a vocational training center in a small town located in the Southeastern United States.
Results of the effects of a leisure education intervention were mixed. While participants
had higher levels of positive affect at follow-up than during baseline, it appears that the
leisure education program had little impact on the other dependent variables. Design considerations
and issues related to leisure education are discussed.


Leisure Education, Mental Retardation, Single Subject Research, Therapeutic Recreation, Self-Determination, Social Interaction, Positive Affect

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