Training Potential Therapeutic Recreators for Self-Efficacy and Competence 'in Interpersonal Skills


  • Wayne W Munson
  • Dean A Zoerink
  • Robert E Stadulis


Interpersonal Skills, Self-efficacy, Microskills, Mental Practice


Therapeutic recreation students untrained in interpersonal skills were randomlyassigned to one of three groups: microskills (MS), mental practice· (MP) or waitcontrol(We). Training focused on developing self-efficacy and competence in attendingand responding skills. All subjects completed a pretest and posttest measure ofinterpersonal skills efficacy and conducted posttraining role-played interviews with astandardized client. Videotapes were used to assess students' attending and respondingskills competence.. Using 3 x 2 x 2 ANOVA (group x time x task), analysis ofsimple effects, and the Tukey hsd procedure, MS and MP groups were found to besuperior to we on levels and strength of interpersonal skills efficacy.. Additionally,using one-way ANDVA's and Tukey hsd, both MS and MP groups demonstrated significantlyhigher scores on attending and responding skills competence. Practicalapplications of these results and implications for further research are discussed.





Research Papers