Leisure Education: A Model Facilitating Community Integration for Moderately/Severely Mentally Retarded Adults


  • Alice B Pollingue
  • Hazel B Cobb


Leisure Skills, Community Integration, Moderately/Severely Retarded Adults, Age-Appropriateness


Moderately. and severely retarded adults have traditionally either been excluded fromcommunity recreation activities or involved in segregated programs. This article presents arationale for providing opportunities for mentally retarded adults to be integrated intocommunity recreation programs by reviewing current literature. The review focuses onaequisition and generalization ofage-appropriate leisure skills, and critiques recent modelsdeveloped for community integration. Finally, the article presents a model designed tofacilitate community integration. The model is divided into three interrelated phases:assessment, implementation, and evaluation. The first two phases are designed to beconducted by a therapeutic recreation specialist or community service worker in the fieldof mental retardation. Phase III can be implemented by parents/caregivers, and increasesthe possibility that the leisure activity will be continued. The model is unique because it isdesigned to circumvent the traditional programming problems of transportation, person..nel, and finances. It provides a continuum of leisure options based on individual abilitylevel and available community recreation facilities.