Perceived Levels of Burnout of Veterans Administration Therapeutic Recreation Personnel


  • Kathy Neely Wade-Campbell
  • Stephen C Anderson


Burnout, Therapeutic Recreation, Psychiatric Patients, Veterans Administration


This study investigated the relationship. between work-related variables and perceived levels ofbumout oftherapeutic recreation personnel who work with long-term psychiatric patients in Veterans Administration hospitals. Subjects completed a three-part instrument composed of a demographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the Work Environment Scale. Ofthe 511 subjects surveyed, 287 (56%) responded with usable questionnaires. The demographic, job- and profession-related variables were found to be significantly related to burnout. The eta values were somewhat low. The WES variables accounted for 20.9% of the variance in the burnout measures. The most salient relationships emerged.between the emotional exhaustion and the depersonalization subscales and clarity, supervisor support, involvement, work pressure, autonomy, innovation, peer cohesion, task orientation and physical comfort. In comparison with other groups of human service professionals, therapeutic recreation personnel experienced low levels of emotional exhaustion, moderate levels of depersonalization, and somewhat lower levels of personal accomplishment.





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