Acquisition and Generalization of Leisure Skills From School to the Home and Community by Learners with Severe Multihandicaps

Authors

  • Stuart Schleien
  • Jennifer Cameron
  • John Rynders
  • Carla Slick

Keywords:

Age Appropriate, Community Recreation, Generalization, Integration, Leisure Skills, Parent/Home training, Social Interaction, Severe Multihandicapped, Therapeutic Recreation

Abstract

This study demonstrated the acquisition and generalization of leisure skills, social interactions, and appropriate and cooperative play behaviors by two children with severe multihandicaps. The leisure skill program occurred in an elementary school. Systematic training procedures, incorporating task analysis, error correction, and contingent reinforcement (i.e., behavior specific positive feedback), were implemented by the leisure skill instructors in school. Parents of children with severe multihandicaps received instructional training on the systematic training procedures and then provided additional instruction to their children at home. The results, gathered using a multiple-baseline design across behaviors and replicated across children, indicated that chronologically age-appropriate leisure skills (i.e., Toss Across; Flash; The Electronic Arcade Game; Simon) were learned by the children. Furthermore, additional training by parents facilitated acquisition of skills, generalization to the home, and maintenance across time.

Published

1988-07-01

Issue

Section

Regular Papers