Building Positive Social Networks Through Environmental Interventions in Integrated Recreation Programs

Authors

  • Stuart J Schleien
  • Maurice Fahenstock
  • Rick Green
  • John E Rynders

Keywords:

Circle of Friends, Community, Cooperative Learning, Developmental Disabilities, Networking, Social Skills, Sociometry, Therapeutic Recreation

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present sociometry, circle of friends, and cooperative learning technologies that therapeutic recreation specialists can use as strategies for including persons with disabilities into integrated community recreation programs. These strategies are examples of external integrative strategies, strategies designed to affect the immediate surroundings of the targeted individual, thus preparing the environment for socialization, learning, and integration. Sociometry is presented as a strategy for restructuring groups to promote the inclusion of isolated individuals. Circle of friends techniques prepare existing groups for the introduction of new members. Cooperative learning methods are used to promote positive interactions between group members. Combined with carefully planned strategies for leisure and social skills instruction and networking with others, sociometry, circle offriends, and cooperative learning techniques can   become a part of a comprehensive package to promote the successful integration of recreation programs by including the most distant members of our communities.

Published

1990-10-01

Issue

Section

Regular Papers