Deterrents to Participation in Continuing Professional Education: A Survey of the NTRS


  • Stephen J. Langsner


Deterrents to Participation, Continuing Professional Education, NTRS


Not knowing the factors deterring therapeutic recreation (TR) professionals from participating in continuing professional education (ePE) perpetuates a system ofePE that remains unresponsive to the needs of its intended participants. The problem of this study was to identify deterrents to participation in CPE experienced by professional members of the National Therapeutic Recreation Society (NTRS). The instruments used were the Deterrents to Participation Scale (DPS) (Scanlan & Darkenwald, 1984) and the Participation Information Form (PIF) (Grotelueschen, Harnisch, & Kenny, 1979). The membership as a whole, identified the factor of items representing "'Cost" as their most important deterrents to participation in CPE. The factor representing "Work Constraints" was second, followed by the factors representing "'Lack of Quality," "Lack of Benefit," "Family Constraints," and "Disengagement". One-Way ANOVAs revealed significant differences in practitioner related characteristics among the deterrent factors and among individual items conlprising the factors. Deterrents to participation could interfere with the practitioner's ability to meet the mandatory requirements of recertification. The findings from this study permit the planners of TR continuing professional education to develop strategies to remove practitioners' deterrents to participation, thus remaining responsive to the specific needs of program participants.



Research Papers