The Attributional Basis of Perceived Freedom in Leisure


  • Catherine Morris
  • Gary D. Ellis


Perceived Freedom in Leisure, Attribution Style, Leisure Diagnostic Battery, Validity


This study examined the validity of inferences that can be made from scores from the Perceived Freedom in Leisure scale (PFL) ofthe Leisure Diagnostic Battery. Several studies have examined the internal and external structure of the PFL, but research on its attributional foundation has been lacking. Research participants were 37 young adult in-patients diagnosed with major depression and 69 students in a liberal education class from a public, state assisted university. Each participant completed the PFL. Subjects also indicated internality, stability and controllability of their attributions for success and failure in leisure and nonleisure situations. These attributions were measured using versions of the Causal Dimension Scale. Data were analyzed through a series of regression analyses for the repeated measures (across success vs. failure outcomes) design. With the exception of controllability for nonleisure outcomes, results supported the hypothesis that perceived freedom interacts with outcome to influence the internality, stability, and controllability dimensions of attributions.



Research Papers