Vocational Profiles of Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists Based on the 16PF


  • Charles Hammersley
  • Glenn Kastrinos


Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialist, Personality, Vocational Profile


The objectives of this study were to identify the 16 primary and eight secondary personality characteristics ofcertified therapeutic recreation specialists (CTRS) using the Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF, Cattell, Eber, and Tatsuoka, 1988) and, from that data, develop a CTRS vocational profile. The 16PF, Form C, measures 16 functionally independent and psychologically meaningful traits, and has been used to develop vocational profiles for over 60 occupations. The population sampled (N = 333) were "Professional" members of the American Therapeutic Recreation Association with current National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) as Certified Therapeutic Recreation Specialists (CTRS). The findings of the study support the hypothesis that specific occupations attract people with similar personality characteristics by identifying the distinctive and representative personality traits of CTRS's. Personality profiles are beneficial in guidance counseling and designing in-service programs for individuals currently in the field.



Research Papers