Psychosocial Functioning and Changes in Leisure Lifestyle among Individuals with Chronic Secondary Health Problems Related to Spinal Cord Injury


  • Catherine P. Coyle
  • John W. Shank
  • Walter (Terry) Kinney
  • Deborah A. Hutchins


Leisure, Spinal Cord Injury, Life Satisfaction, Recreation, Barriers, Social Support, Depression


This research examined the relationships between changes in an individual's leisure lifestyle following spinal cord injury (SCI) and a number of psychosocial variables (i.e., depression, life satisfaction, proximity of social support, social contact, and number of confiding relationships). A series ofstatistical analyses were conducted including z tests and point biserial correlations on data from 48 individuals who were experiencing secondary complications related to SCI. Results indicated that individuals who reported that they maintained their leisure lifestyle were more satisfied with their life, less depressed and had more confiding relationships. These findings indicate that leisure interventions designed to revive and facilitate involvement in leisure interests and to build social support systems within close proximity to the home of the individual with SCI may significantly enhance post-injury life quality.



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