Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Flourishing Through Leisure and the Upward Spiral Theory of Lifestyle Change

Lynn S. Anderson, Linda A. Heyne


This article explores the strengths approach in therapeutic recreation practice, as articulated through the Flourishing through Leisure Model: An Ecological Extension of the Leisure and Well-Being Model (Anderson & Heyne, 2012a, 2012b), and examines the Upward Spiral Theory of Lifestyle Change (Fredrickson, 2015) as an explanatory framework for why and how leisure can drive sustained positive lifestyle change. Overviews are provided of the strengths approach and the Flourishing through Leisure Model, emphasizing the central role leisure plays in strengths-based therapeutic recreation practice. The broaden-and-build theory (Fredrickson, 2013b) is explained as it is the basis for the Upward Spiral Theory of Lifestyle Change. The Upward Spiral theory is described in detail in the contexts of the neuroscience of enjoyment, passion (obsessive and harmonious), and prioritizing positivity. Practical applications of the Upward Spiral Theory of Lifestyle Change to strengths-based therapeutic recreation practice are drawn, as well as recommendations for future research. 


Strengths-based practice; theory; therapeutic recreation; recreation therapy; well-being; ecological approach; upward spiral theory of lifestyle change; flourishing through leisure; passion

Full Text:




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Sagamore Publishing LLC